Domestic violence facts by the NCADV (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence)
Why it matters
Domestic violence is the willful intimidation, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another. It is an epidemic affecting individuals in every community, regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, nationality or educational background. Violence against women is often accompanied by emotionally abusive and controlling behavior, and thus is part of a systematic pattern of dominance and control. Domestic violence results in physical injury, psychological trauma, and sometimes death. The consequences of domestic violence can cross generations and truly last a lifetime.
Did you know?
One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime. An estimated 1.3 million women are victims of physical assault by an intimate partner each year. 85% of domestic violence victims are women.
Historically, females have been most often victimized by someone they knew. Females who are 20-24 years of age are at the greatest risk of nonfatal intimate partner violence. Most cases of domestic violence are never reported to the police.
Children who witness
Witnessing violence between one’s parents or caretakers is the strongest risk factor of transmitting violent behavior from one generation to the next. Boys who witness domestic violence are twice as likely to abuse their own partners and children when they become adults. 30% to 60% of perpetrators of intimate partner violence also abuse children in the household.
Sexual assault and stalking
One in 6 women and 1 in 33 men have experienced an tempted or completed rape. Nearly 7.8 million women have been raped by an intimate partner at some point in their lives. Sexual assault or forced sex occurs in approximately 40-45% of battering relationship. 1 in 12 women and 1 in 45 men have been stalked in their lifetime.
Homicide and injury
Almost one-third of female homicide victims that are reported in police records are killed by an intimate partner. In 70-80% of intimate partner homicides, no matter which partner was killed, the man physically abused the woman before the murder. Less than one-fifth of victims reporting an injury from intimate partner violence sought medical treatment following the injury. Intimate partner violence results in more than 18.5 million mental health care visits each year.
The cost of intimate partner violence exceeds $5.8 billion each year, $4.1 billion of which is for direct medical and mental health services.
Victims of intimate partner violence lost almost 8 million days of paid work because of the violence perpetrated against them by current or former husbands, boyfriends and dates. This loss is the equivalent of more than 32,000 full-time jobs and almost 5.6 million days of household productivity as a result of violence.
Domestic violence is one of the most chronically underreported crimes. Only approximately one-quarter of all physical assaults, one-fifth of all rapes, and one-half of all stalking perpetuated against females by intimate partners are reported to the police.
Approximately 20% of the 1.5 million people who experience intimate partner violence annually obtain civil protection orders. Approximately one-half of the orders obtained by women against intimate partners who physically assaulted them were violated. More than two-thirds of the restraining orders against intimate partners who raped or stalked the victim were violated.
State domestic violence laws
States differ on the type of relationship that qualifies under domestic violence laws. Most states require the perpetrator and victim to be current or former spouses, living together, or have a child in common. A significant number of states include current or former dating relationships in domestic violence laws. Delaware, Montana and South Carolina specifically exclude same-sex relationships in their domestic violence laws.
To find more information on the domestic violence laws in your state, visit www.womenslaw.org
If you need help
For more information or to get help, please call:
The National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233
The national Sexual Assault Hotline at 1-800-656-4673
The National Teen Dating Abuse Hotline at 1-866-331-9474
The Public Policy Office of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) is a national leader in the effort to create and influence Federal legislation that positively affects the lives of domestic violence victims and children. We work closely with advocates at the local, state and national level to identify the issues facing domestic violence victims, their children and the people who serve them and to develop a legislative agenda to address these issues. NCADV welcomes you to join us in our effort to end domestic violence.
Types of Sexual Violence
Was I raped?
How can you figure out if what happened was rape?
There are a few questions to consider.
Be aware: Some states use this term interchangeably with rape. For a precise legal definition, check the laws in your state.
Rape victims may be forced through threats or physical means. In about 8 out of 10 rapes, no weapons is used other than physical force. Anyone may be a victim of rape: women, men or children, straight or gay.
Acquaintance assault involves coercive sexual activities that occur against a person’s will by means of force, violence, duress, or fear of bodily injury. These sexual activities are imposed upon them by someone they know.
Child Sexual Abuse
Sexual violence of children often includes incest as a subset of this form of sexual violence. While there is a substantial amount of overlap in the two types of violence, for the purposes of this website we have separated them in recognition of the different needs that victims of each type of violence may have.
Child abuse takes place when a child is harmed by someone else physically, psychologically, or by acts of neglect.
Dating and Domestic Violence
Dating and Domestic Violence occurs in all socio-economic, educational, racial, and age groups. The issues of power and control are at the heart of family violence.
Drug Facilitated Sexual Violence
Drug facilitated sexual violence is the type of sexual violence in which drugs or alcohol are used to compromise an individual’s ability to consent to sexual activity.
A hate crime is the victimization of an individual based on that individual’s race, religion, national origin, ethnic identification, gender, or sexual orientation.
Incest is the type of sexual contact that occurs between persons who are so closely related that their marriage is illegal (e.g. parents and children, uncles/aunts and nieces/nephews, etc.).
Male Sexual Violence
Men and boys are also the victims of the crimes of sexual violence, sexual abuse, and rape. In fact, in the US, over 10% of all victims are male.
Partner rape includes sexual acts committed without a person’s consent and/or against a person’s will when the perpetrator is the individual’s current partner ( married or not), previous partner, or co-habitator.
Sexual Exploitation by Helping Professionals
Sexual exploitation by helping professionals involves sexual contact of any kind between a helping professional – doctor, therapist, teacher, priest, professor, police officer, lawyer, etc. – and a client/patient.
Sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that affects an individual’s work or school performance.
The impact of stalking can be profound and life altering. Individuals who are stalked often change many of their behavior patterns and have strong emotional responses to the stalking.
3 major categories include Blitz Sexual Assault, Contact Sexual Assault, and Home Invasion Sexual Assault.